SCEPTIC.INFO Free your mind - question!
SCEPTIC.INFO Free your mind - question!
REFUTING THE SHROUD OF TURIN
The Turin Shroud is the most famous relic in the world. Millions believe that it is the burial cloth of Jesus Christ bearing his crucified and bloodied image. The cloth is kept at Turin in Italy. The cloth is an enigma. Many say it is a miracle.
Let us look at the book, The Shroud, The 2000 Year Old Mystery Solved, Ian Wilson, Bantam Press, London, 2010
This pro-Shroud book gives us some information that draws us to conclude that the Shroud may not be authentic.
Page 8 has a diagram depicting how the theoretical body was put in the cloth. He is laid out in a bizarre position with his head above the ground and legs bent. This is odd if the shroud is big enough to cover a whole body. And the position is clumsy. They would have laid him out flat. With rigor mortis starting, they would have had to.
The Shroud man's face seems to have been parallel to the cloth above it as if it projected rays up straight to make an image. This would have been very hard to achieve and does not fit the gospel accounts where Jesus' burial was hurried. It indicates that a wilful attempt was being made to reproduce Jesus' image.
Until shroud believers are able to explain how a dead body can send rays up to burn an image into a shroud covering it they should not be insisting that there ever was a body in the Shroud.
Page 10 admits that the man's face looks like a mask with eyes like owls. Also, the face and hair look as if they are not part of the body for there are no shoulders visible. The hands appear very clearly but the below the knees fade leaving the upper feet hardly visible.
The clarity of the face and hands indicate that somebody was hoping that Jesus' face and hands, his most important parts, would be the focus of the end product. This would indicate forgery.
Page 49 says that the Shroud shows that Jesus was stabbed by the lance on the right side. We would expect him to be stabbed on the left through the heart to kill him. Wilson says that the Roman soldiers were trained to stab the right during battle.
We can object to this for the soldier was not battling Jesus. Also, what did he stab him there for? The gospel of John says the soldiers saw that Jesus and the others were dead and one of them pierced Jesus with a lance. The stabbing makes no sense unless it was performed to be 110% sure that Jesus was dead so it would have been done through the heart. John reports that blood and water came out. If it did, then he would have been stabbed again and through the heart this time.
Page 28 discusses Nicholas Allen's reproduction of the Shroud and says his method works and the only objection Wilson gives to Allen's claim that somebody used his technique in the Middle Ages to make the Shroud is this: Nobody understood photography back then. But is it not more bizarre to believe that the Shroud image is inexplicable and one of Jesus' miracles? He then cites Sean Heckman who says that it is nearly impossible for Allen's method to have been used in the Middle Ages. On page 29, a further objection appears. It says that had a forger created the image, it would be impossible to explain how forensic experts find the stains realistic. This would however only indicate the Shroud may have been touched to the body of a man tormented to death for the purpose of making the relic after an image was made. There is no reason to believe that this body may have been used in making the image itself.
Page 29 mentions Luigi Garlaschelli's attempt to show that the Shroud could have been faked in the Middle Ages. He used a model coated in pigment and acid. He put a linen sheet over it. Baked the sheet to artificially age the acid. Then washed the sheet and ended up with an image like the Shroud. Wilson however says the new image is very inferior to the Shroud and does not show the different grades of tone. But the gradations of tone could be explained by the age of the original image and the countless chemical and environmental changes it had to encounter over the centuries and by the artists concern to show the face and hands and side more than anything else. Also Garlashelli was making a better Shroud than the original!
If Garlaschelli's shroud were time travelled back to the middle ages and was still with us today we know Wilson and co would be claiming it was a miracle. DON'T LOSE SIGHT OF THE FACT THAT HIS REPLICA LIKE MANY OTHERS ARE WONDERS BY THOSE MIDDLE AGES STANDARDS! AND TIME WOULD MAKE THEM MORE MYSTERIOUS FOR IT ALTERS CHEMISTRY AND MAKES IT HARDER TO BE SURE HOW IT WAS DONE.
THE TURIN SHROUD LEFT AND THE GARLASCHELLI SHROUD RIGHT.
THE IMAGE ON THE RIGHT WOULD BE MORE AMAZING IF IT FADED OVER CENTURIES.
IN MANY RESPECTS, THE GARLASCHELLI CLOTH IS BETTER.
NEITHER SHROUD IS PERFECT.
The shroud being strange does not mean that it has to be a miracle.
From the book, The Shroud of Turin!! Is it Genuine or is it a Forgery? Dr Johnson C Philip, Dr Saneesh Cherian, Edited by Gregory Anderson. Creative Commons. Copyright Philip Communication. First Edition 2014.
One of the best [anatomical studies of Shroud man] was by Dr. Pierre Barbet, a well known French surgeon. His book was the result of 15 years of study and he proclaimed that the physiology and anatomy of the man on the shroud was anatomically perfect. However, all of these studies were based upon investigations of available photographs and were not based upon any kind of direct access or observation of the Shroud. Thus their evidence was circumstantial at best, severely limited by the quality (or lack of quality) of the photographs during an era when photography was still poorly developed.
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